Lasers were first introduced into dentistry in the 1990s and have become a safe and effective way to administer many different dental treatments and keep the mouth healthy.
There are two types of lasers, hard tissue lasers and soft tissue lasers. A hard tissue laser can be used in treatments where bone and teeth structures need to be shaped or prepped, such as dental fillings. Soft tissue lasers are used to cut through and remove soft tissue in procedure such as crown lengthening.
However, soft tissue lasers have also become increasing used in periodontal disease treatment. Periodontal disease is a very severe form of gum disease. A soft tissue laser can be used to kill the bacteria infection, virtually sterilizing the gums, and activating the growth of tissues. A growing number of cosmetic dental practices are also incorporating these lasers into gingival sculpting procedures, to remove bacteria buildup below the gum line. A low intensity soft tissue laser is also known to be used to quicken the teeth whitening process. Hard tissue lasers also have their uses in the hygiene department as they can be used to detect the early signs of cavities by picking up on tooth decay.
Besides being an effective solution that assists dentist’s to provide patients with healthy mouths, there are numerous other benefits to laser dentistry.
The use of lasers and their precision during surgical procedures means there is less of a need to use anesthesia or sutures in the mouth. It minimises the bleeding during a procedure as the blood vessels are cauterized by the laser. Damage to surrounding tissue is brought to a minimum and wounds heal faster. Bacterial infections are eliminated as the laser steriles teeth and gums.
Laser dentistry is ideal for children or anxious patients as the lasers reduce any pain, discomfort or recovery time normally associated with dental procedures.